Scottish One Health Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance in 2021. Annual Report

ARHAI Scotland coordinates the implementation of the UK AMR National Action Plan in Scotland by delivery partners through the Scottish One Health National AMR Action Plan (SOHNAAP) group.

The Scottish One Health Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance (SONAAR) Health Protection programme contributes to ARHAI Scotland’s mission to improve the health and wellbeing of the population by reducing the burden of infection and AMR. This is delivered
through development of epidemiological evidence on trends in antibiotic use and resistance to inform local and national interventions and initiatives in human and animal health. In line with the One Health approach, this report includes information from 2021 on antimicrobial use and resistance in humans, animals and the environment.

In 2021, the impact of the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was still evident across society. While some healthcare services resumed during 2021, patterns of service delivery, patient population, risk factors and hospital activity levels had not yet returned to pre-pandemic
levels. This makes comparison of results for 2021 with previous years challenging and results presented in this report must be interpreted in the context of the ongoing impact of the pandemic.

Read the SONAAR Report 2021